Most of the native settlements later became the site of Spanish colonial cities retaining the original Taíno names, including Havana, Batabanó, Camagüey, Baracoa, and Bayamo. The Taíno were an Arawak people who were the indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida. As the hereditary head chief of Taíno nation, the cacique received significant tribute. Taíno youth, mostly young boys, also collected mussels and oysters in shallow waters and within the mangroves. Often, the general population lived in large circular buildings (bohios), constructed with wooden poles, woven straw, and palm leaves. A group of Taíno people accompanied Columbus on his return voyage back to Spain.. The Taíno creation story says that they emerged from caves in a sacred mountain on present-day Hispaniola. When the bones turned into fish, the gourd broke, and all the water of the world came pouring out. Tausūg, Opposing teams had 10 to 30 players per team and used a solid rubber ball. Cemí pictographs were found on secular objects such as pottery, and on tattoos. Less important crops such as corn were raised in simple clearings created by slash and burn technique. , Taíno groups in the more developed islands, such as Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and Jamaica, relied more on agriculture (farming and other jobs). Early population estimates of Hispaniola, probably the most populous island inhabited by Taínos, range from 100,000 to 1,000,000 people. Taíno staples included vegetables, fruit, meat, and fish. The Taíno people, or Taíno culture, has been classified by some authorities as belonging to the Arawak, as their language was considered to belong to the Arawak language family, the languages of which were present throughout the Caribbean, and much of Central and South America. They spoke the Taíno language, one of the Arawakan languages. Upon eating the bait, the fish were stunned just long enough to allow the fishermen to gather them in. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'omniglot_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',141,'0','0'])); If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if The Taíno believed they were descended from the union of Deminán Caracaracol and a female turtle. At the time of the Spanish conquest, the largest Taíno population centers may have have had more than 3,000 people each. Another story tells of people who once lived in caves and only came out at night, because it was believed that the Sun would transform them.  Guabancex was the non-nurturing aspect of the goddess Atabey who had control over natural disasters. Of the two major haplotypes found, one does not exist in the Taíno ancestral group, so other Amerindian people are also part of this genetic ancestry.. The most elaborate ball courts are found at chiefdoms' boundaries. The Taíno stored live animals until they were ready to be consumed: fish and turtles were stored in weirs, and hutias and dogs were stored in corrals. The father put the son's bones into a gourd or calabash. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, This article is about the Taíno people. This page was last modified on 30 May 2016, at 21:28. The revolt was suppressed by the Indio-Spanish forces of Governor Juan Ponce de León. Ibaloi, At night they would assume the form of bats and eat the guava fruit. Bikol, The ancestors of the Taíno entered the Caribbean from South America. Tagalog learning materials, Abellen, There were 60,000 people living on this island [when I arrived in 1508], including the Indians; so that from 1494 to 1508, over three million people had perished from war, slavery and the mines. Yúcahu, which means spirit of cassava, was the god of cassava - the Taínos' main crop - and the sea. Taino spoke an Arawakan language and did not have writing. you can provide recordings, please contact me. Rouse classifies as Taíno all inhabitants of the Greater Antilles (except the western tip of Cuba), the Bahamian archipelago, and the northern Lesser Antilles. Learning the Filipino Numbers displayed below is vital to the language. 1514 census records reveal that 40% of Spanish men on the island of Hispaniola had Taíno wives. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. The early ethnohistorian, Daniel Garrison Brinton, called the Taíno people the "Island Arawak". Tower of Babel | http://mylanguages.org/tagalog_numbers.php Normally, the teams were composed of men, but occasionally women played the game as well. In the Greater Antilles, the northern Lesser Antilles, and the Bahamas, they were known as the Lucayans.  The organization Guaka-kú teaches and uses their script among their own members. The Taíno lived in settlements called yucayeques, which varied in size depending on the location. Balangao, Recent research revealed a high percentage of mixed or tri-racial ancestry in Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic.  The encomienda system brought many Taíno to work in the fields and mines in exchange for Spanish protection, education, and a seasonal salary. Taíno women wore a similar garment (nagua) after marriage. At the time of European contact in the late 15th century, they were the principal inhabitants of most of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Puerto Rico.  This smallpox epidemic killed almost 90% of the Native American who had not already perished. Modern historians, linguists and anthropologists now hold that the term Taíno should refer to all the Taíno/Arawak nations except for the Caribs, who are not seen to belong to the same people. Batata (sweet potato) was the next most important root crop.  These cruel practices inspired many revolts by the Taíno and campaigns against the Spanish —some being successful, some not. Columbus called the Taíno "Indians", a reference that has grown to encompass all the indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere. Researchers today doubt Las Casas's figures for the pre-contact levels of the Taíno population, considering them an exaggeration. Why not share this page: These Taíno were accorded land and a charter from the royal administration. Corn was also used to make an alcoholic beverage known as chicha. One technique was to hook a remora, also known as a suckerfish, to a line secured to a canoe and wait for the fish to attach itself to a larger fish or even a sea turtle. He was punished by being turned into stone, or a bird, a frog, or a reptile, depending on interpretation of the myth. At the time of Columbus' arrival in 1492, there were five Taíno chiefdoms and territories on Hispaniola, each led by a principal Cacique (chieftain), to whom tribute was paid. Cebuano,  By 1548, the Taino population had declined to fewer than 500. Some zemís are accompanied by a small table or tray, which is believed to be a receptacle for hallucinogenic snuff called cohoba, prepared from the beans of a species of Piptadenia tree.  The Taíno grew squash, beans, peppers, peanuts, and pineapples. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site. When a male heir was not present, the inheritance or succession would go to the oldest male child of the deceased's sister. Tondano, Cuba, the largest island of the Antilles, was originally divided into 29 chiefdoms. They traded with us and gave us everything they had, with good will...they took great delight in pleasing us...They are very gentle and without knowledge of what is evil; nor do they murder or steal...Your highness may believe that in all the world there can be no better people...They love their neighbours as themselves, and they have the sweetest talk in the world, and are gentle and always laughing.
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